Poland became a unified kingdom in the first half of the 10th century, and officially adopted Catholicism in The fragmentation and loss of central authority could not have come at a worse time, with the Mongol Empire invading and wreaking havoc on the realm repeatedly in , , and lastly between Following its reunification, Poland experienced its golden age from the 14th till the 16th century, under the reigns of King Casimir III the Great and the monarchs of the Jagiellonian dynasty, whose rule extended from the Baltic to the Black and Adriatic seas. After uniting with Lithuania in , the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth became the largest country in Europe. During this era, the commonwealth attracted significant immigration from Germans, Jews, Armenians, and Dutch, due in part to the freedom of confession guaranteed by the state, and the commonwealth’s atmosphere of tolerance a rather exceptional feat at the time of the Holy Inquisition. Under the rule of the Vasa dynasty, the capital moved to Warsaw in Economically devastated by these events, the commonwealth’s power dramatically declined in the 18th century.
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See Article History Alternative Titles: Poland is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier. Now bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted by the forces of regional history. Yet two and a half centuries later, during the Partitions of Poland — , it disappeared, parceled out among the contending empires of Russia , Prussia , and Austria.
Welcome to the Home of Polish Marriage Abroad! We are everlasting marriage born in Poland who first met and got married in the United States. As many similar immigrant couples trying to find their feet on a new continent and among new people, we experienced a lot of good and bad things in life. However, they only helped us become more resistant to the everyday downs and allowed us to find even greater enjoyment of life. It is sometimes strange to think how our fate can be steady and unpredictable at the same time.
I, Gosia, was engaged when an accidental phone call changed all wedding plans and possibly “happy ever after life” by the side of a rich and influential man. My husband Robert tried to persuade himself that the marriage was not a good choice for a young and educated man until he turns Now, we are a happy Polish marriage leading regular life among new friends in the Polish-American society.
We created this website to inform and educate men and women who are already married or are willing to get married or simply get acquainted with a woman or a man of Polish nationality about Polish gender relations. We try to focus on Polish females because we think their traditional values and personal character are especially worth noticing in the world of materiality and egoism. We are well aware that spreading capitalism and focus on consumption may direct if it hasn’t yet positive virtues and traditional unspoiled attitude of Poland-born men and women onto a negative path.
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The explosive cocktail that is Krakow’s nightlife: And where can you sample this heady and hedonistic brew? There’s no better place to start than in Krakow’s splendid Old Town where, underneath a faade of ancient architecture, are housed countless dens of vice and inequity all eager to cater for your ill-advised pleasure. Those of you that have spent any time in Krakow will agree with me when I say that there are few greater experiences in life than following your nose down a dark alleyway or into a cloistered courtyard to discover yet another fantastic bar that you’d never been to before.
But if you are new to the city, or are planning just a short visit, then you needn’t worry, you don’t have to be Keith Richards to track down a good watering hole – we at Local Life have done the hard work for you! In addition to our complete caf, bar, pub and club listings we would like to proudly present to you our specialist section, Local Life’s very own Nightlife Guide.
Online personals with photos of single men and women seeking each other for dating, love, and marriage in Poland.
Name of Poland The origin of the name Poland derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans Polanie that inhabited the Warta River basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the early Slavic word pole field. In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites Lechici , which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I.
The ethnicity and linguistic affiliation of these groups have been hotly debated; the time and route of the original settlement of Slavic peoples in these regions lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented. The Slavic groups who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD. Up until the creation of Mieszko’s state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism.
However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the s. Poland’s first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I , accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in , as the new official religion of his subjects. The bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries.
The significance of the event was documented by Gallus Anonymus in his chronicle. In , Konrad I of Masovia , one of the regional Piast dukes, invited the Teutonic Knights to help him fight the Baltic Prussian pagans; a decision that led to centuries of warfare with the Knights. In , the Statute of Kalisz or the General Charter of Jewish Liberties introduced numerous right for the Jews in Poland, leading to a nearly autonomous “nation within a nation”. His son, Casimir III reigned —70 , has a reputation as one of the greatest Polish kings, and gained wide recognition for improving the country’s infrastructure.
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Primary school[ edit ] Primary school usually starts at seven years old. The first cycle is “integrated”, with one teacher handling alone all the subjects, while the second cycle offers a subject-based teaching. If completed, the examination grants a primary-school leaving certificate. This certificate is however not needed to enter Junior High School.
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Name of Poland The origin of the name “Poland” derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans Polanie that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name “Polanie” itself derives from the early Slavic word “pole” field. In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites Lechici , which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I.
During this time, the Lusatian culture , spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became particularly prominent. The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement now reconstructed as an open-air museum , dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around BC. Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about BC to AD.
Also, recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented. Up until the creation of Mieszko’s state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the s.
Poland’s first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I , accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in , as the new official religion of his subjects. The bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries.